Skip to main content

Full text of "A history of Persia"

See other formats

were amazed at British magnanimity in exacting no
guarantee, no indemnity, and no concession ; and the
joy of the Sadr-i-Aazam at the absence of any demand
for his dismissal may be imagined.1
From the British point of view relations with Persia
became better after the war, which Persians seldom refer
to with bitterness ; and, as the Indian Mutiny broke out
a few weeks later, it was fortunate that no British troops
were locked up in Persia or Afghanistan.
The New Ruler of Herat.—The Persian Government,
forewarned of the terms of the treaty, hastened to hand
over Mohamed Yusuf to the relatives of Said Mohamed,
by whom he was put to death. A Barakzai Sirdar,
Sultan Ahmad Khan, a refugee nephew and son-in-law of
Dost Mohamed, was appointed Governor of Herat upon
agreeing to cause the Khutba to be read in the name of
the Shah. The young Sirdar hastened to his principality,
where he arrived before the Persian General, a prince of
the blood, had heard of the new agreement. The latter,
roused from his slumbers by the intrusion of the
importunate Afghan, promptly ordered him to be seized
and bastinadoed. After this favourite punishment had
been inflicted, matters were duly explained and the Sirdar
was seated on the Herat throne. Consequently, although
Persia had been defeated, she was able both to keep the
terms of the Treaty of Paris and yet to rule Herat
through Sultan Ahmad Khan, who even visited Teheran
and received a robe of honour from his gracious suzerain
the Shah. It is difficult to understand why the British
Government did not insist on the handing over of the
province to Dost Mohamed, and it looks as if the astute
Persian got the better of the British negotiator.
During this period of transition, a deputation of
British officers from the Teheran mission was despatched
to Herat; but the Afghan Prince was not satisfied with
receiving "the moral support of England's recognition
and sympathy " and little else. A Russian mission under
1 It is not generally known that we owe the invention of khaki to this war, the
Persian word signifying " of dust," and so " dust-coloured." It appears that some
Persian troops dressed in this dust-coloured uniform were almost invisible at a distance,
and the Indian authorities accordingly adopted it.